Kangura No. 40
“Had the Tutsis Won, No Hutu Would Still Be Alive.” –Grégoire Kayibanda
Late Grégoire Kayibanda, President of the first Republic, spoke to them in clear terms, but they refused to understand. He told the Tutsis the truth and made them understand that the feudal regime can no longer be restored to Rwanda. He urged them not to listen to liars who claimed that the Tutsis would win whereas that was impossible. He continued to urge the Tutsis to wake up from the dreams and cooperate with other Rwandans, but in vain. You, yourselves, should read these two speeches of late Grégoire Kayibanda. The one titled “Power is democracy,” was delivered to the Inyenzi on 29 March 1964 and the other titled “Democracy is incompatible with violence” was delivered on 10 April 1964, essentially, to the authorities who did not know what democracy was and, more particularly, to the authorities who passed for Inyenzi accomplices like Nsengiyaremye. Democracy is incompatible with violence.
Power Is Democracy
You have noticed the path taken by Rwanda brought out of the abyss into which Ndahindurwa had precipitated it in 1956 following the death of Mutara.
You are aware of the tragedy that befell it particularly in 1959 and at the beginning of the 1960s, a period marked by the fight between democracy and feudalism and during which the feudal Ndahindurwa and his lackeys precipitated Rwanda into an abyss. This led to the upsurge of refugees, the Inyenzi, desolation and widows.
You have noted that we have brought Rwanda out of the abyss in which feudal Ndahindurwa had precipitated it at the time he fled, that we have established democracy, peace, and that we have led it to independence.
You, yourselves., can assess what the government of the Republic accomplished soon after feudalism and independence. The accomplishments are remarkable and praiseworthy, and we are determined to complete them.
You have observed the recent disturbances resulting from the indiscipline and wickedness of the Inyenzi refugees. The Nyamata population knows something about this and Bufundu population has witnessed it This is attributable to secular wickedness inspired by feudalism is imbued. The feudal and his lackeys continue to deepen their November 1959 abyss. They have demonstrated this recently.
Once they noticed that we had brought you out of this abyss, they devised another kind of wickedness: denigration and slander in newspapers. They allege that we have exterminated the Tutsis of Rwanda. Tell me sincerely, if the Hutus had been that wicked to exterminate the Tutsis, would he have waited for the Inyenzi to attack? Is it untrue that some of you assert: “If the Tutsis had won, no Hutu would be alive, except the one who would withstand the ten feudal chores.” We have made our will known to you in our speech of 1 July 1963. Embrace democracy and become the disciples of the new Rwandan system. We want that all citizens should be brothers. We will be lenient to you, as long as you cooperate. Do not take it out on anyone if you fail to conform to the good democratic system.
However, you are aware that the feudal Ndahindurwa and Rukeba as well as their Inyenzi would like to drag you into their sphere of influence. What is the situation of one who suffered from the Nyamata attacks? Do you think he is a lot better when compared to the situation prior to the Inyenzi attacks? You should sincerely examine your conscience! They have just devised another style of precipitating you into that abyss, which is: After noticing that their Inyenzi had just failed and that their denigration campaign was no longer tenable, they introduced the system of small secret tracts through which they urge you to unite; they claim that they will win and achieve their objectives.
The objective of the feudal and the Inyenzi is to set you at odds with the country that has opted for democracy. They want you to be rooted to your Tutsi ethnic group (you know the meaning in good Kinyarwanda). They want you to be wicked within the country, for the enemy of the Republic is the citizen who wishes feudal Ndahindurwa to become king. They have asked you to throw away these documents or hand them over to the authorities of the Republic. If not, you will become victims as others have been after Inyenzi attacks.
Our constant concern is to instill a veritable spirit of brotherhood amongst all Rwandans as well as establish democracy for all Rwandan citizens. In similar vein, we have continued to urge refugees who want to return, to do so voluntarily, but on condition that they lay down their weapons, stop quarrels, wickedness and feudalism. We have stated this clearly in our numerous press releases on refugees and the wickedness of the Inyenzi. Recently, we have requested them to offer assistance to those obstructing the development of free Africa. Needless to repeat, dear Tutsis, that feudalism no longer exists, that the monarchy is gradually being abolished throughout the world and that recourse to war has for a long time been a blunder. I just wanted to warn you against this new system devised by the feudal Ndahindurwa and his Inyenzi: their small tracts lead you straight to the abyss from which we have just brought out those who opted for democracy. Let me talk to you in clear terms. The small tracts that the feudal Ndahindura and his Inyenzi are distributing to you in the hiding are nothing other than a Rucunshu strategy: “leave, we are safe.” The same thing as those who wore dry banana leaves before burning down houses. Kayijuka’s eyes. Nyirarukeba’s sword. The November 1959 abyss from which we brought you out but into which they would like to sink you again.
When we speak as the father of a family, we do not digress and that is how the father of the nation should behave in democracy. We want brotherly ties amongst the Hutus, Twas, Tutsis and other inhabitants of Rwanda. These messages that Ndahindurwa and his Inyenzi, supporters of feudalism, are transmitting to you in secret, as well as the lies they are spreading all over, will not be good omen to you. What can be said about rumors spread among the Catholic Church leadership in Rome, that the Government of Rwanda has crucified Monsignor Bigirumwami who had allegedly been pricked with a safety pin by any Hutu who had the opportunity to so? They allege that the Government of Rwanda killed Father Gasore and that Father Kagame was murdered at the altar. Do you not see all these Excellencies discharging their duties all over? We wish them to pursue their mission of the church of the Lord. Such are the poison and the 1959 abyss. That is the underlying meaning of the messages transmitted to you in secret.
Concerning the religious faith of the authorities of all shades of opinion with whom we rule Rwanda, Jean Baptiste Ndahindurwa and his Inyenzi are wasting their time. In fact, we did not espouse our faith to please the whites or to accept to share. We know our needs though they are different from those of other inhabitants of this earth. We cannot mortgage our faith for bothriocline ugandensis designed to attack Nyamata, or to search for it among the white imbeciles, atheists, like Vullemin who fled Butare after realizing that the Inyenzi had misled him by inciting him to spread rumors. We cannot but remind the Tutsis who have chosen the Protestant religion that their religion must not be used as a political instrument of the metropolis from whence this religion emanated. Furthermore, you know how the Hutus are viewed in the upper echelons of your religion.
You Muslims, you know well that the government has never disturbed your meetings and assemblies, which do not breach law and order in general. You know that I personally in the company of non-Muslim public servants graced the closing ceremonies of the Ramadan feast by our presence. He who respects the laws of the Republic is on the right path and is a child of the nation like all others. You all, Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and sundry, know that the Constitution of the Republic does not exclude any person on religious grounds. Don’t allow yourselves to be fooled by messages designed to do you wrong. Take a cursory look at the development of Rwanda and the path taken by all of Africa and acknowledge democracy, loving it, supporting it as a militant of peace and remember that recourse to war is stupidity and its perpetrator is wrong.
We have banished mercenary within the government as well as violence amongst the population. That is the line of conduct that the Hutus, Twas and Tutsis must follow. We want brotherhood and freedom within respect for the rule of democracy. We want assiduity in work and self-abnegation in public service. Such is the line of action that all Hutus, Twas and Tutsis must follow. We are delivering a brief address to the Tutsis on this new plan and the messages that the advocate of feudalism and his Inyenzi are spreading among you. Those who fell into the abyss dug by the advocate of feudalism fall into three groups:
- Those who will elect domicile in the host countries. We wish them welcome, many children and good luck; the entire earth belongs to all of us.
- Those who will prefer war (by using guns, bows, secret messages, denigration and slander against the Government of Rwanda) will have to encounter the brave National Guard, that is, the Rwandan Armed Forces. Anyone who is out of the country must acknowledge it, and besides it’s simply stupid to provoke war.
- The entire population will welcome those who continue to pursue peace, advocate for a peaceful return, and help them to live well in democracy.
As for you within the country, rest assured: those who are in darkness must wake up and embrace democracy, which is Africa’s objective. Those who have understood well should help others to do likewise and we are thanking you. You still have to reassure and convince these people that feudalism and the monarchy had been abolished a long time ago. Some of you who are State employees have been urged to work with zeal, for you are also responsible for your employers, that is, your immediate superiors and the people. Do not fear to disclose all anomalies, for we are in democracy. We are all Rwandans, but we would not like Rwandan Tutsis to stand up to their brothers.
Kigali, 29 March 1964
President of the Republic of Rwanda
Democracy Is Incompatible With Violence
Inhabitants of Rwanda,
On 28 January, I informed you that the fundamental objectives of our Republic include, inter alia, peace among the population at all levels and in all administrative organs. I told you that the peace we have enjoyed for one and a half years, particularly, since independence, has been disrupted by refugees that have transformed themselves into the Inyenzi, attacked the government, which protects you all and, above all, prohibits any unqualified person from interfering in the search for offences.
We congratulate the people who have followed our password, which has enabled the Hutus to continue to pursue peace.
We congratulate State employees investigating crimes, policemen and soldiers, for striving to accomplish the mission that the country has entrusted to them. We congratulate the citizen of this country who did not take advantage of the Inyenzi provocation to acquire the bad habits of violence. On 28 January, I reminded you that democracy is incompatible with violence. I urge all of you to continue in the good path that protects our democracy, indeed, democracy without violence. Power exists: the legislative, executive, judiciary and. State employees whose responsibility is to offer assistance to all advocates of democracy. Democracy is incompatible with violence. I am speaking to all categories of State employees.
Democracy is incompatible with violence: I am speaking to all authorities entrusted with the power to ensure security and lead the population to develop the country, the communes and their homes. Democracy is incompatible with democracy even though this democracy would be concealed by treachery comparable to that of time past. Violence is incompatible with violence: that explains why every citizen, no matter how small, victim of violence, must have recourse to the nearest administrative or judicial officer of law and order. All the authorities must maintain peace and abolish violence by adhering to the law and the usual good habits. Democracy is incompatible with violence: given that violence and chaos undermine work and impede the development of your homes, they bode ill for all countries, irrespective of the perpetrator, even when concealed by lies. You witnessed the situation of the perpetrators of the 1959 chaos and violence: they had hoped to win by violence, chaos and deceit but they found all of us vigilant, since we say no to violence.
Democracy is incompatible with violence: I am speaking to militants of all political parties of this country. They should have peace, each one within his party; otherwise, the country and the government of the Republic would not recognize them as a true political party. Democracy is incompatible with violence: I recall these words at all meetings, irrespective of whether they are party meetings, meetings organized by the authorities for the population, meetings of the Parliament or government council. Meetings advocating peace should be propagated during others. Democracy is incompatible with violence: in opulence and poverty, particularly, for a country like ours, which is in search of anything that can develop it. Democracy is incompatible with violence: any peace-loving person should respect it; any person who commits violent offences and anyone who causes chaos must know that they are supporting the Inyenzi, or that they are accomplices. They must know that they are being used as accomplices and the passageway for the Inyenzi. Democracy is incompatible with violence: any person who commits violent offences and anyone who causes chaos must be denounced to the authorities that are expected to examine the issue and punish those guilty in accordance with the applicable law.
Democracy is incompatible with violence: Anyone who hesitates to lodge his complaint with the authorities has not yet embraced democracy. There do exist frivolous complaints: false allegations or those that arouse jealousy or hatred. Democracy is incompatible with violence: Each time that a citizen arouses jealousy and hatred, he wastes time that should be used to work for his country, for his home, to establish democracy in the Republic. He becomes an accomplice of the Inyenzi, the enemies of Rwanda. No one should call anybody Inyenzi, since this is an insult. If he suspects him to be an Inyenzi, then he has the duty to inform the appropriate authorities and thereafter go about his business. Democracy is incompatible with violence: You have all understood that the Inyenzi use their attacks to pursue this objective. Violence and chaos encroach on time that should be devoted to the development of the country and its citizens. Fellow Rwandans, I am reminding you of this idea, for in democracy, peace for the entire population is a development factor that should be taken into consideration. Avoiding violence and chaos should be the watchword for every citizen, be he big or small, an authority or not. You have constantly requested magistrates to be rigorous particularly on this important point of maintaining peace among the population. The Government has forced nobody to belong to any party: it is important for all to be tolerant, acknowledge and respect the law. Whoever denounces injustice, pursues the democratic program but does not love peace must be punished independently of his party, for the law requires every citizen to avoid violence and chaos.
We extend special congratulations to all the authorities and the entire population, determined to fight the violence imposed on the country by the Inyenzi attacks. We congratulate all militants who love peace, without violence or chaos, and respect the law governing the country. Whoever commits violent offences and whoever causes chaos, unconsciously supports Inyenzi violence and treachery. Support the development of the Republic and your homes and may the peace of the Lord be always with you.
Kigali, 10 April 1964
President of the Republic