Kangura No. 30

Power Based on the Multiparty System Has Never Been in the Interests of the Tutsi

Bonaparte Ndekezi

When the accursed Inyenzi-Inkotanyi Tutsis attacked, they said stupid things. They misled international opinion by saying that they were bringing in democracy as they had known it in Uganda, their bastion. They were lying, because, given the fact they are a minority in this country, Tutsis can never support the establishment of multiparty democracy. For example, recently, President Buyoya, a Tutsi, supposedly accepted the creation of other political parties, apart from Uprona, in Burundi. Those following the situation closely, however, will notice that the approved parties will be Uprona 1, Uprona 2, Uprona 3, Uprona n, etc.

The situation, however, will not improve because Hutus will still be oppressed and will always be killed. Meanwhile, the Tutsis will act in the same manner: Will they actually accept being led by people who remember the graves of their parents, grandparents, brothers and sisters and who are still being killed simply because they were born Hutu! I too have to think twice before handing over power to them—unless Simbananiye’s plan to eliminate all Hutus has already been implemented. The Hutus are still in the majority although the Government and the military have done everything to try to make the Hutu disappear from the history of the world by the force of arms.

Similarly, in Rwanda, Tutsis have not received well the advent of multiparty democracy. They were used to clinging to the single party, whether it was M.D.R.-Parmehutu or M.R.N.D., infiltrating it and misleading their acolytes in order to use the party in question to commit reprehensible act which were against the interests of the Hutus to a point where, any person who saw what was going on, did not have a forum to speak out against such acts. Is it possible, at present, to create a party which will be able to denounce the wickedness of those criminals and liars? I do not think that the exaggerations contained in the law governing political parties – prepared by Karemera and company who made the State make useless expenditure on the so-called Commission of Synthesis – can prohibit it. Moreover, there is no sense in preventing the establishment of a party based on objectives that appear to it to be acceptable, given the fact that, whatever the case, such a party could achieve its objectives discretely. There is no clause in the basic principle of Uprona that states that the Hutu has no place in Burundi.; this, however, has not prevented Hutus from being barred from all political, administrative and military organs so that they could be eliminated—without even their new-born babies being spared. Since the Tutsi had managed to infiltrate the single party and take it over, there are some who fear that the situation could be worse. The Tutsi could infiltrate many parties in such a way that the real Hutus—they still exist—will have no place under the sun. For instance, at present, many people criticize the direct coalition between M.D.R., P.S.D., P.S.R. and the P.L., which is a party of Inkotanyi Tutsis. M.R.N.D. is using this coalition to declare that the parties concerned are collaborating with the enemy!

When you look at how those parties, which should be the mouthpiece of the Hutu as was the case during the 1959 revolution, are dominated by Mugenzi and Lando—something that makes them happy—there is nothing to stop you from thinking that they could lose their way if their activists do not take timely, appropriate measures. This situation, however, should not scare anyone. In difficult times, the Hutus of Rwanda know how to unite in spite of their divergent political opinions. That is why I will not advise anyone to leave the party that he or she had joined because of its objectives and ideology under the pretext that, there is a saboteur among the party members. The saboteur should be excluded before he destroys the party in question.

When we were attacked, Tutsis calling themselves Inkotanyi arrived at Mutara wearing clothes with the image of Habyarimana and singing M.R.N.D. songs in order to conceal themselves before clearing their path; but the armed forces and the people immediately spotted them. They noticed that the Tutsi wanted to use their usual cunning to reach Kigali and take the city without any opposition. They chased them, but the Tutsi did not perish. He withdrew to Uganda—his usual retreat. This Tutsi had already done his lobbying beyond the ocean and even in Africa where he did his best to tarnish the image of M.R.N.D. and its President in order to make people who do not know what is happening believe in the good intentions of the war that he had started. Although M.R.N.D. had afforded him all the privileges possible, the Tutsi could not praise M.R.N.D.’s kindness lest he be ridiculed. Indeed, he could not have explained why he had taken up arms against M.R.N.D. and why he was fighting it bitterly. In reality, the Inkotanyi did not want to depose M.R.N.D. itself or Habyarimana as an individual. The Inkotanyi envisaged that, after overthrowing the regime with the help of the Kalashnikov, he would kill all Hutus wherever they are.

Well, a multiparty system was established and the Tutsi was surprised by… Kayibanda’s M.D.R. It is understandable that the return of M.D.R.—which attracted many members—to the political scene scared Tutsis who have harbored a deep-seated hatred of the party.

So the Tutsi took his time and after thinking things over, he came to the conclusion that even the creation of his own political party would not be enough to put him in power. That is when he decided to associate himself with political parties opposed to M.R.N.D. which had.severed all links with the Tutsi since the beginning of the war. Recently, the Tutsi launched attacks in Butaro under the cover of M.D.R. and P.L.; yet, he did not have any feeling of friendship for M.D.R.—rather, he wanted to sow seeds of discord between Hutus in relation to the war.

Other parties thought that anything that could be useful, however insignificant, should be retained. They thought that maybe P.L. would help them get rid of Habyarimana and M.R.N.D. Some thought that it could help them bring an end to the war that had been started and supported by most P.L. members. There are rumors in the country that P.L. set aside part of the dollars that they get from the Inyenzi in Canada, Burundi and other countries and from various organizations for certain leaders of parties opposed to M.R.N.D. Where is the truth?